Christian Arévalos, head of the Veterinary Hospital of the UABCS, pointed out
La Paz, Baja California Sur.- The pets that one has at home, such as dogs, require responsible care and dignified treatment, in addition to their owners being responsible with them, promoting their well-being and health, said the MVZ. Christian Arévalos, head of the Veterinary Hospital of the Autonomous University of Baja California Sur (UABCS).
According to the veterinarian, these types of domestic animals are exposed to different viruses or bacteria found in the environment, or in other individuals of the same species.
For this reason, he recommends vaccinating them after 40 or 45 days of birth, which is when they generally stop drinking breast milk from where they get their first defenses and are somewhat unprotected.
“One of the main recommendations is that when they are still small, you should avoid exposing them to the outside; rather, the ideal is to keep them at home until they comply with their vaccination schedule, in order not to expose them, “he said.
When talking about some of the diseases, he highlighted the case of canine parvovirus, a well-known and also aggressive disease that is transmitted from one dog to another through feces or vomit. It directly affects the intestines, causing symptoms such as bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration.
Although he mentioned that there is no specific treatment, there are mechanisms such as rehydration and some medications that can help the animal, although, above all, it is important to prevent this condition with the application of the vaccine.
Christian Arévalos also spoke about distemper, which can range from mild ailments such as watery eyes, cough or mucus, to more severe digestive or skin problems.
As for rabies, the veterinarian revealed that it is a very dangerous viral disease, which can even be transmitted to humans through a bite or scratch, although currently this is more common in wild animals such as skunks or raccoons.
Among the most common signs of the disease are salivation, fever, and lack of appetite, but if the condition is very advanced, there may be even paralysis, tremors, and stiff neck.
Fortunately, he mentioned that, in the case of Mexico, thanks to society’s response and vaccination plans, for approximately 15 years there has been no case of rabies in humans that has been transmitted by a dog, something that in the 70’s and 80’s was very common.
On the other hand, in the care of dogs, he stressed the importance of deworming, at least once a year, to avoid, above all, that they get fleas, ticks or other internal parasites that usually cause intestinal discomfort.
One of the main recommendations is that when they are still small, you should avoid exposing them to the outside: Christian Arévalos.
Likewise, he recommended that, during walks in public spaces, these types of pets be carried on a leash and always be aware of their temperament so that they do not cause any harm to people or other animals.
At the same time, he stressed the importance of the owners being in charge of collecting their feces, as these are pulverized and, if transmitted by the wind, can lead to a serious public health problem.